Tossine Ambientali, di Bernard Windham Stampa E-mail


Tossine ambientali

Questo materiale è stato raccolto e revisionato da Bernard Windham

http://www.autismpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=EnvironmentalToxins


AutismPedia è nata nell'ottobre del 2008 per dare voce ed essere l'avanguardia del movimento e per migliorare la salute dei bambini nello Spettro Autistico. E' una libera Enciclopedia scritta da genitori, medici, clinici, ricercatori e tutte le persone attive all'interno del Movimento Biomedico.



Introduzione

L'incidenza di condizioni neurotossiche, allergiche e di reazioni immunitarie quali autismo, schizofrenia, ADD, dislessia, allergie, asma, eczema, psoriasi, diabete infantile, etc. sono andate fortemente aumentando in questi ultimi anni.[1..45]
 

Rapporti sanitari affermano che ci sono effetti dannosi sulla metà delle gravidanze  
U.S. Un rapporto del National Research Council nel 2000 ha affermato che il 50% di tutte le gravidanze negli Stati Uniti  sono finite con mortalità prenatale o postnatale, rilevanti difetti di nascita, disabilità dello sviluppo o bambini cronicamente ammalati.[16] Un recente studio pubblicato sul Journal of the American Medical Association ha trovato che tendenze simili continuano con un alto incremento di malattie croniche infantili [19].
Canada C'è stato un simile rapido aumento nelle disabilità infantili nei bambini canadesi negli ultimi 2 decenni, con incremento delle disabilità dell'apprendimento e problemi comportamentali, asma ed allergie, e cancro infantile.[46]
Tavola 1

Indicazioni federali e fonti statali 
Condizione Quantità Commenti
Disabilità neurologiche oltre l' ADD Oltre 5 milioni di bambini Il Dipartimento americano per l'educazione indica che oltre 5 milioni di bambini che frequentano la scuola hanno disabilità neurologiche riportate dagli enti sanitari statali, oltre l'ADD [8].
Depressione 16% Un campione random di studenti di scuola superiore in Oregon ha tropvato che oltre il 16% è stato diagnosticato con depressione.[39]
ADHD / Dislessia 4-12% della popolazione scolastica Secondo l' American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) tra il 4 e il12 % dei bambini in età scolare sono affetti da ADHD, ae un numero simile ha un qualche gradio di dislessia.[47][48][1][2][3][4][5].
ADD oltre il 20% Grandi sondaggi su studenti delle scuole elementari hanno trovato livelli ancora più alti, con oltre il 20% dei bambini delle scuole elementari di qualche zona curati per l'ADD [38]
Ansia e Disordini dell'umore  20% -
Tavola 2

Diversi studi hanno trovato che l'uso a lungo termine di farmaci stimolanti causa generalmente importanti effetti collaterali neurologici avversi anche per la salute, e sono disponibili diverse opzioni per affrontare tali condizioni senza tali effetti avversi, tra cui il trattare le cause alla base. [49][50][51][52][53][54]


Tossine nell'ambiente

Introduzione

Si è stabilito che la maggior parte dell'incremento delle condizioni neurologiche o dello sviluppo nei bambini è relativo al maggior incremento nel cervello e nel sistema immunitario di processi infiammatori dovuti ad esposizione a sostanze chimiche tossiche o a excitocine alimentari. [1..19][55..62]

Scoperte degli enti per la protezione ambientale americana
Dei 4 milioni di bambini americani nati ogni anno, almeno 1 su 6 ha una delle condizioni neurologiche prima elencate.[1..19]
L'EPA ha calcolato che oltre 3 milioni di questi casi sono relativi ad intossicazione da piombo o da mercurio, con almeno il 25% dei bambini americani che sono esposti a livelli pericolosi di mercurio [1..7]

[63] [64] [65] [66] [67][68] [69][70]

 

La maggior parte dei bambini autistici sono altamente intossicati dal mercurio

Diversi studi indicano che oltre 60.000 bambini nascono ogni anno con danni del neurosviluppo dovuti ad esposizione prenatale al  methyl-mercurio.[71..76]

Ma altre due fonti di mercurio sembrano essere più comuni e a maggior livello di questo:

  1. ethyl-mercurio fdai vaccini[22][23][24][25][26][27][62]
  2. vapore di mercurio proveniente dalle amalgame della mamma, che è la maggior fonte di mercurio nei feti e una importante fonte nei neonati.[63][64][65][66][69][70]
Vari studi
Studio del CDC Uno studio del CDC ha trovato "associazioni statisticamente significative" tra disordini neurologici dello svuiluppo come autismo, ADD e disordini del linguaggio ed esposizione al mercurio attraverso il thimerosal contenuto nei vaccini,  prima dell'età di  6 mesi [62][80]
VAERS Un'analisi del database del CDC VAERS  per le reazioni avverse ai vaccini riguardante fli effetti del vaccino dipterite-tetano-pertosse ha travato che coloro che avevano ricevuto i vaccini  DTaP e DTucP con thimerosal avevano una incidenza significativamente più alta di autismo, disordini del linguaggio e arresti cardiaci rispetto a quelli che avevano ricevuto il vaccino DtaP senza thimerosal, e che il tasso di questo incremento aumentava esponenzialmente con la dose.[63][64][65][66]
Dip. dell'educazione Un'analisi del rapporto del Dipartimento dell'educazione sulla prevalenza di varie condizioni infantili tra gli alunni ha trovato che il tasso di autismo e di disordini del linguaggio aumentava con l'aumentare dei livelli di  esposizione al thimerosal attraverso i vaccini.[63][64][65][66]


Denti da latte: - I denti da latte possono fornire una buona misura dell'esposizione cumulativa ai metalli tossici durante lo sviluppo fetale e la prima infanzia.[77] I bambini con autismo avevano significativi  (2.1 volte in più) livelli più alti di mercurio nei denti da latte e nel sangue, ma livelli simili di piombo e di zinco.[77][78]

Mercury Chelation: - A survey of thousands of parents of autistic children or children with Asperger’s by the Autism Association found that chelation/detoxification was by far the most effective treatment for autism and also much safer than most drug treatments for autism spectrum conditions. [79]These observations are consistent with the findings of most autism treatment clinic tests. Namely, that most autistic children tested are highly mercury and metal toxic.

DMSA Chelation: - The following DMSA chelation study is consistent with other studies that found that those who lack the ability to properly excrete mercury are more likely to accumulate mercury and have adverse health effects.

 
DMSA Study
A follow-up study using DMSA as a chelator found that overall, urinary mercury concentrations were significantly higher in children with autistic spectrum disorders than in a matched control population, and that vaccinated cases showed significantly higher urinary mercury concentrations than vaccinated controls [64]

 

Environmental Studies

Keith, a 3.5 year old child suffering from congenital mercury toxicity, was misdiagnosed as having Cerebral Palsy (see minutes 7 and 8 of this 10 minute YouTube video)
 
Keith, a 3.5 year old child suffering from congenital mercury toxicity, was misdiagnosed as having Cerebral Palsy (see minutes 7 and 8 of this 10 minute YouTube video)[80]

Thomas W. Clarkson, Ph.D, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Environmental Medicine hypothesizes that mercury crosses cell membranes as a complex with sulfur containing amino acids or peptides. Such complexes obtain a "free ride" on transport carriers used by structurally similar endogenous (originating within) substrates.[81]

 
Texas Environmental Study
A study of environmental mercury levels in Texas school districts found that for every 1,000 pounds of mercury released into the environment:
  • there was a 61 percent increase in autism
  • and, a 43 percent increase in special education cases.[82][83]

Autism prevalence diminished by 2 percent for every 10 miles of distance from a mercury source.

Similar Study
REWRITE: - Another similar study found similar results and estimated economic costs due to disability or lower IQ (94b). Fossil fuel-burning power plants were the largest source of the widespread mercury pollution [82][83], but, dental amalgam was the largest source in sewers and a significant source of environmental mercury in water bodies, fish, and air emissions.[84]
2008 Study
According to an article published a study in the J Neurol Sci., Biomarkers of environmental toxicity and susceptibility in autism, Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) may result from a combination of genetic/biochemical susceptibilities in the form of a reduced ability to excrete mercury and/or increased environmental exposure at key developmental times.

Urinary porphyrins and transsulfuration metabolites in participants diagnosed with an ASD were examined. A prospective, blinded study was undertaken to evaluate a cohort of 28 participants with an ASD diagnosis for Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) scores, urinary porphyrins, and transsulfuration metabolites. Testing was conducted using Vitamin Diagnostics, Inc. (CLIA-approved) and Laboratoire Philippe Auguste (ISO-approved). Participants with severe ASDs had significantly increased mercury intoxication-associated urinary porphyrins (pentacarboxyporphyrin, precoproporphyrin, and coproporphyrin) in comparison to participants with mild ASDs, whereas other urinary porphyrins were similar in both groups.[85]

Table 3: Environmental Studies

 

Transplacental Transfer of Toxic Load

You can see with your own eyes mercury vapor come off a 25-yo filling. (See reference section for link to this International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology video)
 
You can see with your own eyes mercury vapor come off a 25-yo filling. (See reference section for link to this International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology video)[86]
Mercury has the ability to reduce cerebellar brain weight through significant reductions in total cell population of the cerebellum.
Reductions of total body weight at birth are related to maternal exposure to mercury.
Lead and mercury also have a direct effect on neuronal development leading to learning deficits. These are the same type of birth defects produced by maternal iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism.
There are several aspects of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism-related effects on fetal and perinatal brain development that can be aggravated or otherwise affected by the presence of mercury.
A peer-reviewed animal study investigates the effects 12 mercury/silver amalgam fillings for 30 days.  Whole body imaging revealed that mercury was transferred to every conceivable portion of the sheep's body.
 
A peer-reviewed animal study investigates the effects 12 mercury/silver amalgam fillings for 30 days. Whole body imaging revealed that mercury was transferred to every conceivable portion of the sheep's body.[87][88]

Still today, the ADA and other governmental agencies tell us that the mercury in your mouth, or from vaccinations, is perfectly safe. Scientists say this is a ridiculous statement that is in violation of science and common sense.


Toxins from Vaccinations

 

Introduction

Vaccines contain immune adjuvants such as aluminum that cause stimulation and activation of the immune system. [55] [56] [57]

Some vaccines also contain thimerosal (ethyl mercury), which acts as an antiseptic. For as long as a year from a single vaccination, thimerosol has been linked with:

  • high levels of brain inflammation,
  • increased free radicals, and
  • inflammatory cytokines over prolonged periods of time,

Brain inflammation has been found to be a major factor in the following:

  • irritability,
  • anxiety,
  • depression,
  • insomnia, and
  • neurological conditions including ADHD, schizophrenia, and autism.[55][56][57][58][59][60][61]

With large numbers of vaccines being given in recent years in rapid succession, the brain of infants becomes increasingly overexcited and inflamed, resulting in brain damage and disruption of brain development.

Factors implicated in brain inflammation
Many Sources Vaccine adjuvants, mercury from mother’s amalgam fillings, and dietary excitotoxins such as MSG and soy products have all been found to be major factors in the brain inflammation causing large numbers of developmental neurological conditions in children.[70][55][56][57].
Mercury Mercury has been found to cause an increase in inflammatory Th2 cytokines. [89][68][58][59][60][61]
  • In the pancreas, the cells responsible for insulin production can be damaged or destroyed by the chronic high levels of cytokines, with the potential of inducing type II diabetes - even in otherwise healthy individuals with no other risk factors for diabetes. [30][31][32][33][34][35][36]
  • Mercury inhibits production of insulin and is a factor in diabetes and hypoglycemia, with significant reductions in insulin need after replacement of amalgam filings and normalizing of blood sugar. [30][31][32][33][34][35][36][68]
  • In addition to this mechanism, there is evidence vaccines are the number one cause of Type I diabetes in young children.[30][31][32][33][34][35][36]

 

High Mercury Levels

Professor Boyd Haley, Ph.D.
 
Professor Boyd Haley, Ph.D.


Professor Boyd Haley, Ph.D. is a professor at the University of Kentucky, where he has been the chairman of the chemistry department since 1996. The basic research interest of his laboratory centers on biochemical and biomedical problems involving control at the molecular level. He has also investigated the effect of mercury on tissues and published on similarities between these and some biochemical changes reported in nerve cells in Alzheimer's disease and autism.[90]

 
Dr. Boyd Haley Video Lecture
Part 1 French soldiers did not get Gulf War syndrome. (Minute 3) Institute of Medicine (IOM) refused to consider overwhelming evidence of a causal connection between Thimerosol (ethyl-mercury) contained in vaccines and neurological diseases.
Part 2 Aluminum prevents animals from excreting mercury. You should never give Thimerosol to a child who is on antibiotics (e.g. a flu shot).
Part 3 These are mercury associated diseases, but why more boys than girls?. Mark Lovell in Dr. Haley's department found that in culture testosterone dramatically effects the toxicity of Thimerosal.
Part 4 Dr. Haley states that the experimental animal was the American infant.
Table 3: Dr. Boyd Haley discusses Thimerosol exposure from vaccines and autism


 

Thimerosol Preservatives in Vaccines

Citing Stajich et al 2002 (J Peds) and Pichichero et al 2002 (Lancet), Waly(88a) et al write:
"A single thimerosal-containing vaccination produces acute ethylmercury blood levels of 10-30nM..., and blood samples in 2-month-old infants, obtained 3-20 days after vaccination, contain 3.8-20.6 nM ethylmercury. Our studies therefore indicate the potential for thimerosal to cause adverse effects on methionine synthase activity at concentrations well below the levels produced by individual thimerosal-containing vaccines."

[91][29]Another study on mice supported the autism/thimerosal connection.[92] And, many other studies have documented the vaccine/thimerosal connection to autism. [93][94][45][95][82][83][96][84][97][98][99][100][101][102][103][104][105][106][107][108][109][110][111][112][113] [114][115]

Because of the evidence, the FDA has completed a study and written a letter to vaccine manufacturers asking that mercury be removed from vaccines. A CBER Letter to Vaccine Manufacturers stated:
"The Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) has completed its evaluation of the use of thimerosal in vaccines.. Our review concluded that reducing or eliminating thimerosal from vaccines is merited.[116]
The letter pointed to a joint statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the United States Public Health Service in 1999, which "called for the removal of thimerosal from vaccines as soon as possible."

Many thousands of parents have reported that their child got such conditions after vaccination, and tests have confirmed high levels of mercury and aluminum in most of those tested, along with other toxic exposures.

A Congressional Committee after holding a hearing has also called for elimination of mercury in vaccines as soon as possible.

No Controls for Weight of Infant

After over 15,000 law suits were filed in France over adverse effects of the Hepatitis B vaccine, the French Minister of Health ended the mandatory hepatitis B vaccination program for all school children.
After over 15,000 law suits were filed in France over adverse effects of the Hepatitis B vaccine, the French Minister of Health ended the mandatory hepatitis B vaccination program for all school children.[117][118]

Underweight infants that get the same dose of thimerosal as other infants have also been found to be at special risk.

 

Pre- and post-Vaccination Mercury Levels

A recent study comparing pre‑ and post‑vaccination mercury levels, found a significant increase in both pre-term and term infants after vaccination, with post‑vaccination mercury levels approximately 3 times higher in the preterm infants as compared with term infants.[119]

The study found mercury blood levels up to 23.6 ug/L and received an average dose of 16.7 ug/kg. Just this one vaccination gave an exposure to mercury that is many times the U.S. ATSDR adult minimum risk level(MRL) for mercury of .3/ug/kg body weight per day. [120][121][63][64][65][66]
Projected Vaccination Mercury Levels
It has been estimated that if all of the vaccines recommended by the American Assoc. of Pediatrics are given and contain thimerosal, then by age 6 months an infant would have received 187 micrograms of ethyl mercury which is more than the EPA/ATSDR health standard for organic mercury (33)(41)[63][64][65][66],...
...and by age 3 the typical child has received over 235 micrograms of mercury thimerosal from vaccinations which is considerably more than Federal mercury safety guidelines, in addition to significant levels from other sources for many.[120][121][63][64][65][66][69][22][23][24][25][26][27]

Infants during this period have undeveloped blood brain barriers and much of the mercury goes to the brain, resulting in significant adverse neurological effects in those that are most susceptible. [122][123][16][17][18][19]

The bioaccumulation in the brain and toxic effects of ethyl mercury are comparable to that of methyl, with mercury accumulation in the brain and physical effects actually being more extensive.

[124] [125] [126] [91] [92] [127] [128]

Comparative Studies of Mercury Exposure

Many of those diagnosed with high mercury levels have also been found to have significant improvement after mercury detoxification.[22][23][24][25][26][27][129][130][131][132][133][134][135][136][137][138][139][140][141][142][143][144]

Thimerosal had been previously removed from similar preservative uses in eye drops and eye medications after evidence of a connection to chronic degenerative eye conditions.

Adverse effects included neurological disorders and autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis and lupus. Some hospitals in the U.S. also quit recommending certain vaccinations.

Vaccine Injury Surveillance

ADHD and Autism

The largest increase in neurological and immune conditions has been in infants, with an increase in autism cases to over 500,000, an over 900% increase to a level of approx. 1 per 500 infants in the last decade, making it the 3rd most common chronic childhood condition. [8][9][22][23][24][25][26][27](1,5-7)(4,50,81,92)(86)

  • For 1999 through 2002, the number of professionally diagnosed children in California with full syndrome autism has doubled[12](86).
  • There have been similar increases in ADD and dyslexia to over 10 million,
  • similar large numbers(over 10%) with childhood depression or anxiety(75)(b), and
  • over 10 % of infants - approximately 15 million in the U.S. with systemic eczema(1)(2)(82).

Studies researching the reason for these rapid increases in infant reactive conditions seem to implicate earlier and higher usage of vaccines containing mercury(thimerosal) as a likely connection (2)(c)(2)(d)[22][23][24][25][26][27](30,40,80-82).

A survey, released recently, indicates a strong correlation between rates of neurological disorders, such as ADHD and autism, and childhood vaccinations.

Survey Findings
Vaccinated boys were two and a half times (155%) more likely to have neurological disorders compared to their unvaccinated peers.
Vaccinated boys were 224% more likely to have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Vaccinated boys were 61% more likely to have autism(93).

For older vaccinated boys in the 11-17 age bracket, the results were even more pronounced.

Survey Findings for older vaccinated boys (11-17 age bracket)
Vaccinated boys were 158% more likely to have a neurological disorder
Vaccinated boys were 317% more likely to have ADHD
Vaccinated boys were 112% more likely to have autism.

Other studies have found similar results. [45][28][29]

Other Conditions

Asthma

Also according to the U.S. FDA, at least 26 million have allergies, at least 17 million have asthma, 15 million have systemic eczema, and childhood diabetes is increasing rapidly. [2][40][30]

Although Russian and U.S. studies from the 1980s found that thimerosal was highly toxic and recommended thats its use as a medical preservative should be discontinued, its use was not discontinued.[145][124][125]

  • One study found 5 times higher rate of allergy among a group vaccinated with pertussis vaccine(DPT) as opposed to an unvaccinated group,[146]
  • 3 other studies found increased asthma, allergies, and eczema among the vaccinated group. [147][148][149]
  • Vaccines given in the first 6 months of infants commonly cause asthma(99).

Diabetes

Over the last 20 years the percent of diabetes cases below 20 years old has increased from 2% to over 30%, and there was a 70% in cases under 40 years of age between 1990 and 1998. [30][31][32][33][34][35][36] [28][29]. Studies in the U.S. and Sweden have confirmed vaccinations to be a major factor in the increased diabetes cases.[30][31][32][33][34][35][36] Currently over 16 million have diabetes.[30][31][32][33][34][35][36]

Crib Death

Crib Death
According to Dr. Harris Coulter, "Crib death" was so infrequent in the pre-vaccination era that it was not even mentioned in the statistics, but it started to climb in the 1950s with the spread of mass vaccination against diseases of childhood.

DPT vaccinations have been linked to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) [150] [151] [152] [153] [154] [155] [156] [157] [158][45] DPT vaccines are mostly given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and 85% of SIDS cases occur during this age span.

Mortality Rate v. Proximity to DPT Injection
One study found babies die at a rate 8 times the normal rate within 3 days of DPT shots.[146]
while another study found that among SIDS victims 61% had DPT within the 2 previous weeks and 13% within 24 hours of DPT vaccination.[148]
A monitoring study of infant breathing patterns after DPT vaccinations showed large increases in breathing difficulties including episodes of ceased breathing, which continued for months after DPT in some cases.[151]
Some cases of seizures after DPT were also observed.
Another study found significantly higher rates of heart arrest in those getting DpaT vaccines with mercury thimerosal compared to those without.[63]
The computer records from the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, obtained by Gannett News Service using the Freedom of Information Act as part of a four-month study of federal immunization policy, reveal:
  • Of 253 infant death cases awarded more than $61 million by the U.S. Court of Federal Claims in the 1990s under the compensation program, 224, or 86 percent, were attributed to vaccination with DTP, the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough) shot. In these cases, mortality was originally attributed to SIDS in 90, or 40 percent, of them. [157][158]
  • Of 771 total claims filed by parents from 1990 through mid-1998, 660, or 86 percent, contained assertions that DTP was the cause of death. And 43 percent were classified by medical authorities at time of death as SIDS cases.

VAERS

A second federal database tends to draw a similar connection. This one, for the 1990s from the Food and Drug Administration, contains 460 reports of children who died within three days of receiving shots containing DTP. Of those 460 reports, 266 -- or 58 percent -- listed SIDS as a "reaction".

That database is called VAERS, for Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. It was ordered by Congress to track dangerous reactions to the shots all babies must receive as admission to our society. In typical federalese, the FDA refers to death as an "adverse event" or a "reaction".

By law, reports of reactions to DTP and other vaccines are supposed to be made religiously by doctors, pharmaceutical companies and public health clinics. But former FDA commissioner David A. Kessler has estimated the reports "represent only a fraction of the serious adverse events" -- perhaps as few as 10 percent. Marcel E. Salive, MD, MPH, Chief Epidemiology Branch Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology at FDA, says, "Any number you get, take with a grain of salt". [157][158]

Seizures and Epilepsy

Prenatal exposure to mercury has also been found to predispose animals and infants to seizures and epilepsy. [159] [160]

Pre-and Postnatal Sources of Exposure

Transplacental Mercury Exposure

Although vaccinations appear to be the largest source of mercury in many infants, mercury has been found to be transmitted from the mother to the fetus through the placenta and accumulate in the fetus to higher levels than in the mother’s blood.[29]

  • It has been found that children with autism generally showed higher levels of exposure to mercury from their mother’s amalgam fillings, or other sources prenatally.

An additional source of thimerosal to the fetus of women who are RH negative is the 30 micrograms in the RhoGAM shot they receive, which has been found to be a significant factor in autism incidence.[65][161][162]

Mother’s of children with neurodevelopmental disorders, autism, or ADHD treated by 2 clinics were compared to a set of mother’s from a control group of children for Rh-Negativity.
Before After
Prior to 2002 when thimerosal use in vaccines was reduced, the group of mother’s of children with neurodevelopmental disorders or conditions were more than 25% more likely to have

Rh-Negativity than mother’s of the control group. [66]

After 2002, there was no significant difference in Rh-negativity incidence between mother’s of children with ND disorders versus controls.

Infants of mothers who had dental work involving amalgam during pregnancy had significantly higher levels of mercury in hair tests.[163][164][161][162]

Prenatal mercury exposure can also developmentally damage the metals detox system of the liver which can lead to accumulation and toxicity of later metals exposure.[29]

Postnatal Mercury Exposure via Breast Milk

Breast milk of women who have amalgam fillings is the 2nd largest source of mercury in infants and young children[29][165][166][167][168], but eating a lot of fish has also been found to be a significant source.[71]

Milk increases the bioavailability and retention of mercury by as much as double [29][169][170][171] and mercury is often stored in breast milk and the fetus at much higher levels than that in the mother's tissues. [29][165][166][167][168]

Mercury is transferred mainly by binding to cassein.[169][170][171][172][173][174][175][176][177][178]

The level of mercury in breast milk was found to be significantly correlated with the number of amalgam fillings[165][166][167][168], with milk from mothers with 7 or more fillings having levels in milk approx. 10 times that of amalgam-free mothers.

The mercury in milk sampled ranged from 0.2 to 20.3 ug/L.

In a population of German women, the concentration of mercury in early breast milk ranged from 0.2 to 20.3 ug/L [179]

A Japanese study found that the average mercury level in samples tested increased 60% between 1980 and 1990.[180][181][182] The study found that prenatal mercury exposure is correlated with lower scores in neurodevelopmental screening, but more so in the linguistic pathway. [180][181][182]

The level of mercury in umbilical cord blood, meconium, and placenta is usually higher than that in mother's blood. [183][184][185][186][187][188][180][181][182]

Dangers of Low-levels of Mercury Exposure

Introduction

Very low levels of exposure have been found to seriously affect relatively large groups of individuals who are immune sensitive to toxic metals(11,35), or have an inability to detoxify metals due to such as deficient sulfoxidation or metallothionein function(18,36,51) or other inhibited enzymatic processes related to detoxification(15-24,30) or excretion of metals(87).

Susceptibility / Inability to Excrete Mercury

Those with the genetic allele ApoE4 protein in the blood have been found to detox metals poorly and to be much more susceptible to chronic neurological conditions than those with types ApoE2 or E3.(87)

A recent study found that prenatal mercury exposures and susceptibility factors such as ability to excrete mercury appear to be a major factors in those with chronic neurological conditions like autism.(86)

Infants whose mothers received prenatal Rho D immunoglbulin injections containing mercury thimerosal or whose mother’s had high levels of amalgam fillings had a much higher incidence of autism.

While the hair test levels of mercury of infants without chronic health conditions like autism were positively correlated with the number of the mother’s amalgam fillings, vaccination thimerosal exposure, and mercury from fish, the hair test levels of those with chronic neurological conditions such as autism were much lower than the levels of controls and those with the most severe effects had the lowest hair test levels, even though they had high body mercury levels. This is consistent with past experience of those treating children with autism and other chronic neurological conditions.[22][23][24][25][26][27]

Learn More

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Weiss B, Landrigan PJ. The developing brain and the Environment. Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 107, Supp 3, June 2000
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 EPA spokesman, U.S.News & World Report, “Kids at Risk”(cover story), 6-19-2000; & Frith CD et al, More Dyslexia in English Speaking Countries, Science, Mar 2001;
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 EPA spokesman, U.S.News & World Report, “In the Air that they Breathe”, Science & News, 12-20-99; & U.S. EPA, Region I, 2001, http://www.epa.gov/region01/children/outdoors.html;
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Dr. Fionta Stanley, Department of Paediatrics, the University of Western Australia “Before the bough breaks: 21st Century kids in crisis” Zonta International Conference, Gothenburg Sweden, July 2, 2002 http://www.zonta.org/Member_Resource_Center/StanleySpeech.pdf
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/a/asthma/prevalence.htm#prevalence_intro NIAID
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/a/allergies/prevalence.htm
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 ATSDR/EPA Priority List for 2003: Top 20 Hazardous Substances, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/clist.html
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 The Center for Education Statistics, http://nces.ed.gov/
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Annual Report to Congress on the implementation of the Individuals with disabilities act.http://www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/OSEP/ (1994 to 1998)
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